In response to Mitchell’s appeal, Middleton visited the Pilbara in April 1955 and established the Pilbara Native Society. His report indicates that, despite the poverty of the group, children were well cared for and given some schooling. (The first page of his report is missing.)

Middleton Establishes the Pilbara Native Society

Stan Middleton to Bill Hegney, Report of visit to the Pilbara, 29 April 1955, SROWA 1954/0204/39-41.

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Department Purchases Vehicle for Pilbara Native Society

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This photograph shows Mitchell, Middleton and other members of the group with a truck that was purchased by the Department for the Pilbara Native Society. Middleton’s willingness to assist marrngu as a group rather than on an individual or nuclear family basis is a measure of the authority they had established. The Department went to considerable cost, purchasing not only this vehicle but mining equipment and Riverdale Station for the Society.